Title: The ground reaction forces in the stance phase of gait: a longitudinal study on pregnancy and post-partum

Authors: Lin Fu; Changfeng Li; Yingyue Zhang; Yaodong Gu

Addresses: Research Academy of Grand Health, Ningbo University, Zhejiang 315211, China ' Research Academy of Grand Health, Ningbo University, Zhejiang 315211, China ' Research Academy of Grand Health, Ningbo University, Zhejiang 315211, China ' Research Academy of Grand Health, Ningbo University, Zhejiang 315211, China

Abstract: The physiological and morphological changes during pregnancy could lead to changes in characteristics of the ground reaction forces (GRFs) in the stance phase of gait. Sixteen healthy pregnant women during the second and third trimester and post-partum were recruited. A force plate was used to measure the GRFs, and spatiotemporal parameters of gait were analysed through three-dimensional motion system. The results showed that the stride length and velocity decreased during the third trimester compared with post-partum. The vertical and anterior-posterior components of GRFs were obviously higher in the third trimester than post-partum. This study shows that pregnant females make adjustments in loading character to keep balance during pregnancy.

Keywords: ground reaction forces; pregnancy; balance; longitudinal study; loading character.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBET.2017.085442

International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology, 2017 Vol.24 No.4, pp.368 - 376

Received: 30 Apr 2016
Accepted: 15 Jul 2016

Published online: 05 Jul 2017 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article