Title: Impacts of external knowledge and interaction on innovation capability among Indonesian SMEs

Authors: Nurul Indarti

Addresses: Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Humaniora, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Abstract: This study focuses on the impact of external knowledge and the interaction on the innovation capability. Findings from a survey among 198 Indonesian SMEs show that depth of knowledge that is absorbed by a focal firm has a significant impact on the innovation capability. Alike, the interaction affects significantly on the innovation capability. The model explains about 25% of the innovation capability. Additionally, the effect of depth of knowledge and the interaction on firms' innovation capabilities is stronger for older firms than for younger ones. The impact of depth of knowledge on firms' innovation capabilities is stronger for smaller firms than for larger ones. The study confirms that the level of innovation capability among software firms is significantly higher than that among furniture firms. The findings can be used as a basis for setting up appropriate initiatives and policies to promote the SMEs, especially in the context of emerging economies.

Keywords: knowledge; small- and medium-sized enterprise; interaction; innovation capability; Indonesia.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBIR.2017.085100

International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, 2017 Vol.13 No.4, pp.430 - 450

Received: 14 Apr 2015
Accepted: 17 Jul 2015

Published online: 12 Jul 2017 *

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