Open Access Article

Title: Participant responses to physical, open-ended interactive digital artworks: a systematic review

Authors: Tom Luyten; Susy Braun; Susan Van Hooren; Luc De Witte

Addresses: Research Centre for Technology in Care, Henri Dunantstraat 2, 6419 PB, Heerlen, The Netherlands ' Research Centre Autonomy and Participation, Nieuw Eyckholt 300, 6419 DJ Heerlen, The Netherlands ' Research Centre for Arts Therapies, Nieuw Eyckholt 300, 6419 DJ Heerlen, The Netherlands ' Health Services Research, CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care, Universiteitssingel 40, 6229 ER Maastricht, The Netherlands

Abstract: The main aim of this systematic review was to describe responses of participants to physical, open-ended interactive digital artworks. Although human-to-artwork and human-to-human responses were found in the 22 identified artworks, more human-to-artwork responses were reported. Both types of responses were further categorised into physical, verbal, and cognitive/emotional responses. The artworks varied from small table-top installations to large, dark open spaces, and had a range of interactive components and features from a heart rate interface to complete body movements. Results imply there is no straightforward relationship between the features of the artwork and the kind of response. However, two factors seemed to influence the participants' responses: the content (concrete or abstract) of the artwork, and the presence of others. Creating interactive artworks that challenge new audiences and/or evoke specific responses requires more knowledge about the dynamics of the interaction between people and interactive artworks.

Keywords: participant; user; responses; interaction; interactive; open-ended; art; interactive art; artwork; installation; systematic review; literature.

DOI: 10.1504/IJART.2017.084942

International Journal of Arts and Technology, 2017 Vol.10 No.2, pp.94 - 134

Received: 12 Oct 2015
Accepted: 17 Sep 2016

Published online: 09 Jul 2017 *