Title: Corporate governance and financial performance of listed banks: evidence form emerging market
Authors: Kingsley Opoku Appiah; Dadson Awunyo-Vitor; Stephen Awuah-Nyarko
Addresses: TF04 Ayim Complex, Department of Accounting and Finance, School of Business, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, KNUST Post Office, PMB, Kumasi, Ghana ' Department of Agricultural Economics, Agribusiness and Extension, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, KNUST Post Office, PMB, Kumasi, Ghana ' School of Business, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, KNUST Post Office, PMB, Kumasi, Ghana
Abstract: One of the important elements in this century's business world that has received attention is corporate governance. The recent economic scandals and financial crisis have made it necessary to investigate the role of corporate governance on firm performance. The survival of firms has thus been associated with the existence and application of good corporate governance practices. This study examines the effect of corporate governance on financial performance of banks listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange. The study employs secondary data collected from 60 firm-year observations, consisting of seven listed banks from 2004 to 2012. The study employs pooled cross-sectional ordinary least squares regression analysis to predict the effect of the corporate governance variables on the financial performance of the listed banks. The findings from the study suggest a negative statistical significant association between board composition and the performance indicators, except for return on equity of the banks. CEO tenure is positively associated with the performance indicators of the banks. It is recommended that the listed banks should implement policies that would define the number of outside directors on their boards to enhance maximum benefits from the practice of good corporate governance.
Keywords: board of directors; Ghana; financial performance; listed banks; Ghana Stock Exchange; GSE.
International Journal of Economics and Accounting, 2017 Vol.8 No.1, pp.29 - 42
Received: 04 Apr 2016
Accepted: 18 May 2016
Published online: 27 Jun 2017 *