Title: The dynamic rollover threshold - a heavy truck sensitivity study

Authors: Erik Dahlberg, Annika Stensson

Addresses: Scania CV AB, SE-151 87 Sodertalje, Sweden. ' KTH, Vehicle Dynamics, SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden

Abstract: Knowledge of rollover mechanics, which is required in heavy truck development, commonly relies on a static analysis, providing the steady-state rollover threshold, SSRT. In a rolling vehicle, kinetic energy is always present and that deteriorates the analysis of roll stability from SSRT and implies the need for a dynamic rollover threshold, DRT, as a complement. A method to determine DRT is presented and a parameter sensitivity study is applied. The influences on SSRT and DRT, including interaction effects, from roll stiffnesses and roll centre heights, are calculated. Results show that a rigid truck and a tractor semitrailer combination are unequally sensitive to parameter changes. Design changes can hence affect SSRT and DRT differently, which indicates that two vehicles can be equally stable statically but differently dynamically. Therefore, if DRT is not analysed, a redesign of a vehicle can deteriorate roll stability even though it appears to improve it.

Keywords: heavy trucks; rollover mechanics; simulation; vehicle dynamics; rollover threshold; heavy vehicles; modelling; parameter sensitivity; tractor semi-trailer; roll stability; vehicle design; truck design; vehicle safety.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVD.2006.008463

International Journal of Vehicle Design, 2006 Vol.40 No.1/2/3, pp.228 - 250

Available online: 21 Dec 2005 *

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