Title: Shear edge tests: a benchmark in investigating the influence of different surface pretreatment methods on the shear stress of intrinsically manufactured metal-CFRP hybrids

Authors: Carolin Zinn; Mirko Schaper; Jonathan Serna Gonzalez; Dieter Meiners; Zheng Wang; Thomas Troester; Florentin Pottmeyer; Kay André Weidenmann

Addresses: Department of Materials Science (LWK), Paderborn University, Warburger Strasse 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany ' Department of Materials Science (LWK), Paderborn University, Warburger Strasse 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany ' Institute of Polymer Materials and Plastics Engineering (PuK), Clausthal University of Technology, Agricolastrasse 6, 38678 Clausthal, Germany ' Institute of Polymer Materials and Plastics Engineering (PuK), Clausthal University of Technology, Agricolastrasse 6, 38678 Clausthal, Germany ' Chair of Automotive Lightweight Design (LiA), Paderborn University, Warburger Strasse 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany ' Chair of Automotive Lightweight Design (LiA), Paderborn University, Warburger Strasse 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany ' Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Applied Materials (IAM-WK), Engelbert-Arnold-Strasse 4, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany ' Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Institute for Applied Materials (IAM-WK), Engelbert-Arnold-Strasse 4, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany

Abstract: At the present time, environmental protection and efficient energy and resource usage are key topics in the industrial sector. In contrast, the desire for comfort, mobility and protection increases progressively and leads to an immense weight gain. Particularly, in the automotive and aerospace industry, strong efforts are made to ensure an efficient manufacturing of lightweight structures. Thereby, an upcoming trend is represented by the application of hybrid structure manufactured by innovative procedures. One of these is the resin transfer moulding procedure, which ensures a highly automated one-step manufacturing of hybrid structures consisting of metal and carbon fibre-reinforced plastics (CFRP). In many cases, the generation of a strong and durable connection between the dissimilar materials is one of the major challenges. In this study, the influence of various surface pretreatment methods on the shear strength of the hybrid structures out of aluminium or steel and CFRP is investigated. In order to eliminate the influence of bending moments and specific material properties, shear edge tests, which enable a pure shear load, are carried out. Furthermore, the failure behaviour is analysed. It is shown that the shear edge test represents an excellent benchmark test to obtain precise interface properties such as shear-stress and fracture work. These properties can be significantly enhanced using surface pretreatment methods.

Keywords: carbon fibre-reinforced plastics; hybrid structures; laser structuring; resin transfer moulding; shear edge tests.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAUTOC.2016.084321

International Journal of Automotive Composites, 2016 Vol.2 No.3/4, pp.244 - 271

Received: 17 Sep 2016
Accepted: 31 Oct 2016

Published online: 05 Jun 2017 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article