Authors: Miloud Naidja; Azeddine Bilami
Addresses: LaSTIC Laboratory, Batna University, Batna, Algeria ' LaSTIC Laboratory, Batna University, Batna, Algeria
Abstract: Many self-adaptation routing schemes have been proposed for sensor networks. The most relevant of them consider a hierarchical topology and aim to meet energy conservation and QoS requirements in a homogeneous environment. In such networks, one specific algorithm is commonly applied by all nodes inside clusters. Contrarily, in this paper, we propose a heterogeneous routing by applying different strategies according to specific parameters at the same time inside different clusters. Moreover, each cluster can adopt different strategies at different moments under different conditions. This approach leads to a new self-adaptation protocol based on heterogeneity of the routing process in a multi-hop clustering WSN. The proposal uses a set of mechanisms that have been adopted in well-known protocols (HEEP, APTEEN, LEACH, PEGASIS, etc.) taking into account their strengths and weaknesses. Simulations under NS2 show that our proposal, based on heterogeneous routing protocol, prolongs the network lifetime with different ratios compared to HEEP, PEGASIS and others.
Keywords: heterogeneous routing protocol; WSN; heterogeneous WSN; self-adaptation; HEEP; LEACH; PEGASIS; H-PEGASIS; APTEEN.
International Journal of Wireless and Mobile Computing, 2017 Vol.12 No.2, pp.131 - 141
Received: 10 May 2016
Accepted: 27 Dec 2016
Published online: 16 May 2017 *