Title: Modelling and analysis data fragmentation in IEEE 802.15.4 slotted CSMA/CA protocol without ACK mode

Authors: Mouloud Atmani; Djamil Aïssani; Yassine Hadjadj-Aoul

Addresses: LaMOS Research Unit, Faculty of Exact Sciences, University of Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algeria ' LaMOS Research Unit, Faculty of Exact Sciences, University of Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algeria ' IRISA Laboratory, University of Rennes 1, 35042 Rennes, France

Abstract: The low-rate wireless personal area networks (WPANs), as wireless sensor networks (WSNs), suffer from many constraints. The IEEE 802.15.4 standard proposes the slotted CSMA/CA as a communication channel access mechanism with collision avoidance that take into account the constraints of WPANs. In this paper, we propose to introduce a data fragmentation mechanism into slotted CSMA/CA to improve a bandwidth utilisation. The novelty, in this paper, is the use of the fragmentation mechanism to replace an acknowledgement frame after the transmission of the fragment and the remaining frame. The beacon frame is used to confirme the success transmission of a data fragment. To evaluate the performances of our proposition, we have developped a three dimension Markov chain which modelises the behaviour of the node using IEEE 802.15.4 with data fragmentation mechanism without using an ACK frame. The analytical results of the network throughput and the transmission success delay demonstrate the improvement of the bandwidth occupation.

Keywords: IEEE 802.15.4 slotted CSMA/CA; data fragmentation; ACK; Markov chains; modelling and analysis.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCCBS.2017.084061

International Journal of Critical Computer-Based Systems, 2017 Vol.7 No.1, pp.4 - 21

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 08 May 2017 *

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