Title: Drought assessment using standardised precipitation evaporation index and its association with southern oscillation index in the Northwestern Bangladesh

Authors: Ahmad Hasan Nury; Khairul Hasan; Maruf Dustegir; Md. Jahir Bin Alam

Addresses: Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh ' Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh ' Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh ' Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh

Abstract: The trend of drought in the northwestern region of Bangladesh was analysed in this study. To analyse the trend of the multiscalar drought index standardised precipitation evaporation index (SPEI), Mann-Kendall's test and Sen's slope estimator have been used. Assessment of variability of SPEI was conducted by means of the continuous wavelet power spectrum. Significant variability of 6 month scale SPEI was found at 16 to 32 months and 32 to 64 month period from almost 1987 to 2008. To grasp the influence of the southern oscillation index (SOI) on a 6 month scale SPEI, statistical tool wavelet coherence (WTC) has been used. Significant wavelet coherency was observed between SOI and 6 month SPEI at higher periodicity and short time span. The outcomes from this study could assist engineers of agriculture and the water resources sector to establish strategies in Northwestern Bangladesh.

Keywords: anomaly; temperature; rainfall; drought; standardised precipitation evaporation index; SPEI; wavelet power spectrum; WPS; wavelet coherence; WTC; southern oscillation index; SOI; trend; MK tests; Bangladesh.

DOI: 10.1504/IJW.2017.083766

International Journal of Water, 2017 Vol.11 No.2, pp.132 - 158

Received: 23 Apr 2015
Accepted: 12 Nov 2015

Published online: 12 Apr 2017 *

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