Title: Antecedents of inter-organisational systems adoption in manufacturing

Authors: Giovani J.C. Da Silveira, Raffaella Cagliano

Addresses: Haskayne School of Business – University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada. ' Dipartimento di Ingegneria Gestionale – Politecnico di Milano, P.zza Leonardo da Vinci 32 – 20133 Milano, Italy

Abstract: Despite the remarkable development in the use of inter-organisational systems (IOS) in supply chain management, there is still limited knowledge regarding the factors that motivate their adoption in manufacturing. This study investigates the role of structural elements of supply chain management as antecedents of inter-organisational systems (IOSs) adoption. More specifically, it explores the extent to which variables including foreign supply, direct material cost, number of suppliers, and supplier collaboration practices explain variation in the adoption of dyadic IOSs including electronic data interchange (EDI) and extranets, and multilateral IOSs including internet auctions, liquid exchanges and private marketplaces. The study involves statistical analysis of data from 219 manufacturers of fabricated metal products, machinery, and equipment from 13 countries. The results indicate that dyadic IOSs relate to high-volume transactions with international suppliers, while multilateral IOSs relate to low-volume transactions with a limited number of suppliers.

Keywords: B2B e-commerce; business-to-business; electronic commerce; inter-firm collaboration; inter-organisational systems; regression analysis; supply chain management; SCM; survey research; manufacturing; foreign supply; direct material costs; number of suppliers; supplier collaboration; electronic data interchange; EDI; extranets; internet auctions; liquid exchanges;private marketplaces; international suppliers.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPQM.2006.008372

International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management, 2006 Vol.1 No.1/2, pp.37 - 55

Published online: 12 Dec 2005 *

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