Title: Assessing the colour changes of woven polyester automotive seat cover fabrics under ultraviolet light
Authors: Mine Akgun; Behcet Becerir; Halil Rifat Alpay
Addresses: Engineering Faculty, Department of Textile Engineering, Uludag University, Gorukle Campus, Bursa 16059, Turkey ' Engineering Faculty, Department of Textile Engineering, Uludag University, Gorukle Campus, Bursa 16059, Turkey ' Engineering Faculty, Department of Textile Engineering, Uludag University, Gorukle Campus, Bursa 16059, Turkey
Abstract: This paper assesses the changes in colour differences (ΔE*ab), lightness (L*), chroma (C*) and colour strength (K/S) values of polyester automotive seat cover fabrics after five durations of exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light using different fabric constructional parameters. At each level, the UV-exposed fabric was compared with the fabric in its original state and the colour properties were determined. The ΔE*ab colour difference values of all of the fabrics increased as the fabric cover factors decreased. The chroma and colour strength values decreased and the lightness values increased as the exposure times increased. Compact fabric structures with high cover factor values that were woven from high-count yarns with a high number of yarn crossings were found to be more resistant to UV exposure. To produce fabrics that are colourfast in UV light, the constructional parameters of the fabrics must be carefully chosen in terms of yarn and fabric constructional properties.
Keywords: ultraviolet light; UV exposure; polyester woven fabric; colour differences; lightness; chroma; colour strength; fabric compactness; colour changes; automotive seats; seat cover fabrics; colourfast; yarn properties.
International Journal of Vehicle Design, 2017 Vol.73 No.4, pp.244 - 254
Accepted: 26 Oct 2015
Published online: 29 Mar 2017 *