Authors: Vivek Garg; Deepak Marla; Suhas S. Joshi
Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Mumbai – 400076, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Mumbai – 400076, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Mumbai – 400076, India
Abstract: Laser ablation process was used to generate micro-scale curved surfaces that find applications such as micro-lens and hydrophobic surfaces. Curved surface laser ablation to produce micro-scale features generally involves altering the spatial beam profiles using masks with varying spatial opacity. The surface profile obtained mainly depends on the altered laser beam profile. This work aimed at understanding the influence of laser beam profile on the generated surface in curved surface laser ablation. The study was based on a 2D finite element model of laser ablation that considered target heating, heat transfer and vaporisation on a poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) target. Using this model, surface profile was predicted for various profiles of laser intensity and a qualitative analysis of curved surface profiles was carried out. The quantitative comparison of the ablation depths for uniform beam was used to validate the numerical model. The results of ablation depth were found to be in good agreement with that of the experiments.
Keywords: laser ablation; curved surfaces; micro-lenses; finite element method; FEM; modelling; micro surfaces; hydrophobic surfaces; laser beam profile; target heating; heat transfer; vaporisation; poly methyl methacrylate; PMMA; laser intensity; surface profiles.
International Journal of Additive and Subtractive Materials Manufacturing, 2017 Vol.1 No.1, pp.42 - 56
Received: 25 Jul 2015
Accepted: 06 May 2016
Published online: 17 Mar 2017 *