Title: The electric vehicle: a review

Authors: Ning Ding; K. Prasad; T.T. Lie

Addresses: School of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, Auckland 1142, New Zealand ' School of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, Auckland 1142, New Zealand ' School of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Private Bag 92006, Auckland 1142, New Zealand

Abstract: Electric vehicles (EV), as a promising way to reduce the greenhouse effect, have been researched extensively. With improvements in the areas of power electrics, energy storage and support, the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) provides competitive driving range and fuel economy compared to the internal combustion engine vehicle (ICEV). Operating with optimised control strategies or utilising the concept of the energy management system (EMS), the efficiency of the PHEV could be significantly improved. In this review paper, the operating process of the various types of EVs will be explained. Battery technology and supercapacitor technology will also be discussed as a possibility to increase the energy capacity of PHEV.

Keywords: hybrid electric vehicles; conventional HEVs; PHEVs; plug-in HEVs; energy transmission; battery technology; supercapacitor technology; internal EMS; EMS; energy management systems; review.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEHV.2017.082816

International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, 2017 Vol.9 No.1, pp.49 - 66

Received: 15 Oct 2016
Accepted: 11 Nov 2016

Published online: 07 Mar 2017 *

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