Title: The 'golden ten years': underground coal mining and its impacts on land use and subsequent social problems: a case study on the Jining city region, China

Authors: Wu Xiao; Zheng Wang; Ruiya Zhang; Sucui Li

Addresses: Institute of Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China ' Institute of Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China ' Institute of Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China ' Institute of Land Reclamation and Ecological Restoration, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China

Abstract: The period between 2003 and 2012 is considered as the 'golden ten years' (GTY) for the Chinese coal industry. However, at the same time, coal mining subsidence has also caused many problems. In this paper, the Jining city region in Shandong province is considered as an example to analyse the transitions in land use, agricultural production, village movements, and immigration. Results show that in this region between 2003 and 2012: 1) The dominant land use transitioned from farmland to waterlogged areas and construction land; 2) Direct losses to agricultural production can feed around one million people, and 3); 74,231 people were influenced by land-use change. In conclusion, although the GTY of Chinese coal mining led to a great deal of economic prosperity, this period was also characterised by damage to land and deep social impacts. So some of the major implications for improving mining and land protection are discussed.

Keywords: coal industry; underground mining; coal mining; longwall mines; mining subsidence; village movement; immigration; land use changes; environmental impact; remote sensing; social impact; case study; Jining city region; China; agricultural production losses; agriculture; farmland; waterlogged areas; construction land; land protection.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMME.2017.082681

International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering, 2017 Vol.8 No.1, pp.19 - 34

Available online: 17 Feb 2017 *

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