Title: Efficient digit serial architecture for sign based least mean square adaptive filter for denoising of artefacts in ECG signals

Authors: S. Sasikala; G. Murugesan

Addresses: Electronics and Communication Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai Erode, Tamilnadu, India ' Electronics and Communication Engineering, Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai Erode, Tamilnadu, India

Abstract: Variants of Least Mean Square algorithm, namely the Sign Error, Sign Regressor and Sign-Sign Least Mean Square algorithms are meant for reducing computational complexity in digital adaptive filters in denoising electrocardiogram signals. In adaptive filtering using Sign-Sign algorithm, the adders and multipliers in the existing method take the coefficients in canonic signed power of two form which assures that between two non-zero there should be one zero in signed power of two digits and they can process only one bit per clock cycle and so is the filter resulting in low speed. In this paper, digit serial adder and digit serial multiplier are proposed to design the Sign-Sign Least Mean Square filter, which increases the speed by processing two bits per clock cycle. The digit serial adder and digit serial multiplier are used to design the Sign-Sign based adaptive filter in which unfolding technique is used for digit serial realisation. The unfolding factor of K = 2 is chosen to increase the speed of the design. The coefficients and its inputs are represented in Canonic Signed Digit form. Adder, multiplier, adaptive filter of both existing and proposed method are simulated using Mentor Graphics and synthesised using Synopsys Design Compiler Tool with 90 nm technology. From the results it is observed that the speed of the proposed digit serial Sign-Sign Least Mean Square filter is increased by 54.5% and the area of the filter is decreased by 4.21% compared to the bit serial Sign-Sign Least Mean Square filter.

Keywords: sign-sign least mean squares filter; canonic signed digit; CSD; signed power of two; digit serial adder; digit serial multiplier; adaptive filtering; signal denoising; ECG signals; electrocardiograms.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBET.2017.082672

International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology, 2017 Vol.23 No.2/3/4, pp.335 - 344

Received: 04 May 2016
Accepted: 04 Jul 2016

Published online: 25 Feb 2017 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article