Authors: Hadley Brooks; Dana Tyas; Samuel Molony
Addresses: School of Engineering, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK ' School of Engineering, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK ' School of Engineering, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK
Abstract: This paper introduces a design methodology used to integrate continuous fibre reinforcement into AM polymer parts with the aim of improving their mechanical properties. Tensile and low-cycle fatigue (LCF) testing of reinforced parts is carried out for a range of load conditions and strain rates. Physical testing showed that it was possible to improve the strength of parts by 400% and cycles to failure by 42,800% with the addition of 5% carbon by weight. Logarithmic load/cycle relationships were found also samples showed significant variability in the number of cycles to failure. No correlation between the density of the polylactic acid (PLA) infill and the tensile strength or LCF life. Access holes used to thread the fibre into the reinforcement channels were identified as stress concentrators initiating cracks in the PLA and separation of the reinforcement from the PLA part.
Keywords: 3D printing; additive manufacturing; carbon fibre; failure modes; fatigue; mechanical properties; tensile strength; polylactic acid; PLA infill; continuous fibre reinforcement; strain rates; stress concentrators; crack initiation.
International Journal of Rapid Manufacturing, 2017 Vol.6 No.2/3, pp.97 - 113
Received: 18 Apr 2016
Accepted: 26 Oct 2016
Published online: 08 Feb 2017 *