Title: Occupational health and safety within corporate social responsibility context: a balanced scorecard dynamic decision making model
Authors: Ioannis E. Nikolaou
Addresses: Business Economic and Environmental Technology Lab, Department of Environmental Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, 67100, Xanthi, Greece
Abstract: This paper aims at developing a decision making model for assisting managers in incorporating occupational health and safety (OHS) topics within a corporate social responsibility (CSR) context. It is a multi-step decision making model which is based on balanced scorecard and system dynamic thinking. In particular, the model is founded on Carrols' pyramid and Elkington triple-bottom-line approach for corporate social responsibility (CSR) for developing a corporate CSR-OHS agenda. The next step includes the development of a system dynamic balanced scorecard model with the critical variables of CSR-OHS agenda. Additionally, some scenarios are planned and tested in order to define some main types of managers' decision making. The results show four major types of managers' decision: proactive/ethical-driven decision making, proactive/business case-driven decision making, reactive/ethical-driven decision-making and reactive/business case decision making.
Keywords: corporate strategic management; corporate decision making; occupational health and safety; OHS; corporate social responsibility; CSR pyramid; balanced scorecard; BSC; dynamic decision making; corporate sustainability; triple bottom line; TBL; ethics; ethical decisions; proactive decisions; reactive decisions; business case.
International Journal of Decision Support Systems, 2016 Vol.2 No.1/2/3, pp.54 - 70
Received: 10 Dec 2015
Accepted: 09 May 2016
Published online: 23 Jan 2017 *