Title: Influence of the heated blocks on the natural convection in 3D cylindrical and divergent annular duct
Authors: Souad Benkherbache; Mohamed Si-Ameur
Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of M'sila, 28000, Algeria ' LESEI, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Batna, 05000, Algeria
Abstract: In this paper, a numerical investigation of natural convection in three-dimensional cylindrical and divergent annular duct is studied. In the inner cylinder of thin thickness, are mounted a cylindrical blocks which subjected to a volumetric heat generation. The governing equations of mass, momentum and energy equation for both the fluid and the solid are solved by the finite volume method using the commercially available CFD software Fluent. The effect of the number of heated blocks (N = 1, 2, 3 and 5) and the inclination angle of the divergent (φ = 0°, 15°, 23° and 45°) have been studied. The temperature and velocity contours fields, stream lines also the local Nusselt number have been presented here for Ra = 2.105 and N = 3 while temperature and velocity profiles in the span-wise direction of the flow were plotted for Ra = 1.105 (φ = 0°, 15°, 23° and 45°) and (N = 1, 2, 3 and 5) also the local and average Nusselt number for those geometries.
Keywords: natural convection; annular space; divergent ducts; volumetric heat generation; heat sink; CFD; computational fluid dynamics; heated blocks; 3D cylindrical ducts; finite volume method; FVM; temperature contour; velocity contour; inclination angle; stream lines; Nusselt number.
International Journal of Engineering Systems Modelling and Simulation, 2017 Vol.9 No.1, pp.20 - 31
Received: 07 Jul 2015
Accepted: 20 Nov 2015
Published online: 13 Jan 2017 *