Title: Optimal dipole planar antenna array design for different UHF band applications using cuckoo search algorithm

Authors: Hrudananda Pradhan; Biswa Binayak Mangaraj; Iti Saha Misra

Addresses: Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla – 768018, Odisha, India ' Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Veer Surendra Sai University of Technology, Burla – 768018, Odisha, India ' Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Jadavpur University, Kolkata – 700032, India

Abstract: This article presents the cuckoo search algorithm (CSA) for the optimum design of a 4 × 4 dipole planar antenna array (DPAA) taking mutual coupling into account. The CSA is employed to optimise the input parameters such as lengths of each dipole elements and separation distance between the dipole elements of the DPAA in order to achieve higher directivity with low half power beam width and high front to side lobe level with less computational time. The optimal input parameters at 300 MHz are obtained using a multi-objective fitness function. The array is simulated using method of moments codes using MATLAB and verified using MININEC software. Finally, the optimised results are compared with the results of other antenna arrays obtained using several other popular optimisation techniques to evaluate the performance of our proposed DPAA. The optimum design procedure can be used to design similar DPAAs at other operating frequencies in the UHF band.

Keywords: cuckoo search; dipole planar antenna arrays; DPAA design; optimisation; performance parameter; mutual coupling; particle swarm optimisation; PSO; optimal design; UHF band applications.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSI.2016.081146

International Journal of Swarm Intelligence, 2016 Vol.2 No.2/3/4, pp.171 - 187

Received: 30 Apr 2015
Accepted: 27 Jan 2016

Published online: 24 Dec 2016 *

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