Authors: Christian M. Hafner; Alexandre R. Lauwers
Addresses: Université Catholique de Louvain, CORE and ISBA, B-1348, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium ' Columbia University, NY-10027 New York, USA
Abstract: This paper investigates whether and how the US Federal Reserve has reacted to asset price developments over the period 1979-2011. We examine both the opportunities and limitations of incorporating two asset prices, equity and real estate, into a standard forward-looking and inertial interest rate rule, based on ex-post realised monthly data and taking into account the inherent endogeneity. While the role of house prices is found to be ambiguous due to weak identification, stock prices do represent an important aspect of the Federal Reserve's monetary policy design. Our findings suggest that monetary policymakers did not target stock prices systematically, but rather reacted on few occasions during the full sample period, when misalignments in stock prices were relatively large.
Keywords: monetary policy; central banks; stock prices; house prices; endogeneity; Taylor rule; Federal Reserve; asset prices; interest rate rules; equity prices.
International Journal of Computational Economics and Econometrics, 2017 Vol.7 No.1/2, pp.115 - 151
Received: 17 Jan 2015
Accepted: 22 Dec 2015
Published online: 01 Dec 2016 *