Title: Separation of pollutants from pulp mill wastewater by electrocoagulation

Authors: Prashant Basavaraj Bhagawati; C.B. Shivayogimath

Addresses: Department of Civil Engineering, Annasaheb Dange College of Engineering and Technology, Ashta 416301, Maharashtra, India ' Department of Civil Engineering, Basaveshwar Engineering College, Bagalkot 587 102, Karnataka, India

Abstract: The paper and pulp mill industry is facing major problems in the disposal of wastewater generated from bleaching and pulping processes. Hence, effective treatment of pulp and paper mill wastewater is still a challenging task. In view of these factors, a research study was undertaken to investigate the feasibility of electrocoagulation process for the treatment of paper mill wastewater. The studies were conducted in an EC reactor of 1.50 L capacity with aluminium electrodes. The effects of operating parameters such as pH, current density, electrolysis duration and applied voltage on turbidity, TOC and COD removal efficiency have been investigated. The maximum COD, turbidity and total organic carbon (TOC) removal efficiencies of 89%, 96% and 72% respectively were obtained at pH 7 when the applied voltage was 12 V at electrolysis duration of 40 minutes. The specific energy consumption for the electrochemical treatment of a paper and pulpmill wastewater was estimated.

Keywords: pulp mill wastewater; total organic content; TOC removal; COD removal; chemical oxygen demand; electrolysis; energy consumption; pollutant separation; electrocoagulation; wastewater treatment; water pollution; pulp and paper industry; paper mill wastewater; turbidity.

DOI: 10.1504/IJETP.2017.080623

International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy, 2017 Vol.13 No.1/2, pp.166 - 176

Received: 12 Mar 2015
Accepted: 20 Sep 2015

Published online: 01 Dec 2016 *

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