Authors: A.S. White; M. Censlive
Addresses: School of Science and Technology, Middlesex University, The Burroughs, Hendon, London NW4 4BT, UK ' School of Science and Technology, Middlesex University, The Burroughs, Hendon, London NW4 4BT, UK
Abstract: This paper examines how the form of the sales smoothing function affects the performance of a supply chain. Modelling uses Laplace and z transforms with Simulink™ implementations of the equations for an APVIOBPCS inventory system. Inventory stock-out depends on the delay function representation and strongly on the sales smoothing function. The models presented here use a control-theoretic formulation to determine sales smoothing functions, which can be designed to substantially reduce the inventory response to changing sales. The analysis shows the effect of replacing the traditional moving average technique (EWMA) with one based on control theory can result in a much lower stock-out value for a shorter time improving both bullwhip effect and customer service levels. Performance of this filter in an EPOS enabled supply chain is sufficient to reduce the stock-out for the retailer by 50% with a substantial reduction for other members of the chain and almost eliminating bullwhip.
Keywords: sales smoothing; APVIOBPCS models; supply chain management; SCM; continuous simulation; discrete simulation; electronic point of sale; EPOS; bullwhip effect; control theory; exponentially weighted moving average; EWMA; smoothing filters; supply chain performance; modelling; inventory management; inventory stock-out; customer service levels.
International Journal of Inventory Research, 2016 Vol.3 No.2, pp.134 - 165
Available online: 10 Nov 2016 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article