Title: Exploring biometric technology adoption in a developing country context using the modified UTAUT

Authors: Boluwaji A. Akinnuwesi; Faith-Michael E. Uzoka; Onyinye Sandra Okwundu; Gbenga Fashoto

Addresses: Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Science, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos State, Nigeria ' Department of Computer Science and Information Systems, Mount Royal University, Calgary, Alberta, T3E6K6, Canada ' Department of Information Technology, Bells University of Technology, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria ' Department of Computer Science, Redeemers University, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria

Abstract: Biometric technology (BT) is a component of information security and person identification. Individual acceptance and adoption of BT is fundamental to successful implementation of BT by organisations. There has been a fairly moderate but improving pace of adoption of technology in developing countries. This study investigates factors affecting users' intention to use BT in a developing country based on the modified version of the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT). Results show that simpler biometric methods (e.g., fingerprinting) have higher level of utilisation than more complex ones (e.g., DNA). The intention to adopt biometrics is influenced by perceived ease of use, security, resource facilitating conditions, self-efficacy, and compatibility. Technology facilitating condition and awareness were found to exert some level of impact, while perceived usefulness, awareness, peer influence and complexity did not show any statistical influence on the intention to adopt BT.

Keywords: biometrics; technology adoption; developing countries; technology acceptance; technology use; UTAUT; usage intention; biometric technology; intention to use; perceived ease of use; security; facilitating conditions; self-efficacy; compatibility; perceived usefulness; awareness; peer influence; complexity.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBIS.2016.080219

International Journal of Business Information Systems, 2016 Vol.23 No.4, pp.482 - 521

Received: 15 Apr 2015
Accepted: 17 Jun 2015

Published online: 08 Nov 2016 *

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