Title: A virtual backoff algorithm-based MAC protocol for underwater acoustic sensor networks

Authors: H. Abdul Gaffar; P. Venkata Krishna

Addresses: School of Computer Science and Engineering, VIT University, Vellore, India ' Department of Computer Science, Sri Padmavathi Mahila Visvavidyalayam, Tirupathi, Andhra Pradesh, India

Abstract: Underwater acoustic sensor networks (UASN) is different from terrestrial sensor networks. Designing medium access control (MAC) protocols are challenging task in UASN. In this paper, we proposed a new MAC protocol for underwater communication which is called as underwater virtual backoff algorithm-based medium access control (UVMAC). This UVMAC approach is based on virtual backoff algorithm (VBA). The UVMAC is an enhancement of the VBA method that avoids collision during medium access in wireless networks. UVMAC reduces the number of collisions and increases the throughput of the network. In UVMAC, the sensor nodes are limited to access the channel in terms of sequence number. The simulation results show that the proposed UVMAC are performed well compared to reservation medium access control (RMAC) and broadcast MAC for UASN.

Keywords: underwater acoustic sensor networks; UASNs; ASNs; virtual backoff algorithm; collision; throughput; packet delivery ratio; contention based MAC; medium access control; handshaking; channel access; fairness index; underwater communication; simulation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJIPT.2016.079549

International Journal of Internet Protocol Technology, 2016 Vol.9 No.2/3, pp.129 - 137

Received: 04 Feb 2016
Accepted: 06 Jun 2016

Published online: 30 Sep 2016 *

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