Title: Accessibility to credit of small medium enterprises in Vietnam
Authors: Ha Thi Thieu Dao; Nguyen Thi Mai; Nguyen Thien Kim
Addresses: International Economics Faculty, Banking Technology Review, Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City, 36 Ton That Dam District 1, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam ' Basic Scientific Department, Foreign Trade University, 15 D5 Street, Binh Thanh District, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam ' Faculty of Finance, Banking University of Ho Chi Minh City, 36 Ton That Dam Street, District 1, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Abstract: The growth prospects of a SME highly depend on its potential to invest in restructuring and innovating, which in turn, needs capital. Access to financial resources, therefore, becomes a significant factor of the growth of a SME as well as economic growth in developing countries. This paper examines determinants of credit accessibility of SMEs in Vietnam. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches are applied, in which logit model is employed to investigate possibility of credit accessibility of 756 SMEs in Vietnam. Also, a semi-structured questionnaire is used to investigate the causes of poor connections between SMEs and banks in Ben Tre province. The results express that the factors including education of enterprises' managers, collaterals and asset values of enterprises, loans of enterprises taken from Vietnam Bank for Social Policies (VBSP), state banks or even private banks and the distances between enterprises and credit institutions will increase the probability of credit accessibility of SMEs. A number of recommendations are introduced to promote the credit accessibility of SMEs such as providing unsecured loans and cooperating loans, improving the roles of state banks of Vietnam and decreasing the regional differences.
Keywords: credit accessibility; small and medium-sized enterprises; SMEs; lack of financing; education level; collateral; asset values; bank loans; distance; unsecured loans; cooperating loans; state banks; regional differences.
Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting, 2016 Vol.6 No.3, pp.241 - 257
Received: 08 Apr 2015
Accepted: 27 Nov 2015
Published online: 26 Sep 2016 *