Authors: Uche Nwabueze
Addresses: College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Texas Southern University, Houston, Texas, USA
Abstract: The implementation of total quality management (TQM) in the British National Health Service (NHS) has become an anachronism. Most NHS managers are not interested in TQM as a strategy for improving organisational performance and patient care because of the general belief among NHS managers that TQM fails to tackle the critical needs of organisations in trouble, particularly on issues such as improving organisational performance, efficiency and effectiveness. The paper, however, through the use of a single case study, can confirm contrary to the views of NHS managers, that the concept and philosophy of TQM is indeed an effective approach in achieving organisational performance improvement when a systems approach to implementation is adopted. Furthermore, the paper suggests that the most successful and sustainable approach to the implementation of TQM in healthcare is the systems management approach that aligns structure, systems and outcomes.
Keywords: TQM implementation; hospitals; critical success factors; CSFs; organisational improvement; total quality management; National Health Service; NHS; UK; United Kingdom; healthcare services; care quality; patient care; case study; organisational performance; systems management.
International Journal of Business Performance Management, 2016 Vol.17 No.4, pp.466 - 487
Accepted: 03 Aug 2015
Published online: 15 Sep 2016 *