Title: A quantum Diffie-Hellman protocol

Authors: Pranav Subramaniam; Abhishek Parakh

Addresses: Millard North High, Omaha, NE 68154, USA ' Nebraska University Center for Information Assurance, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE 68182, USA

Abstract: In this paper, a quantum version of Diffie-Hellman key agreement protocol is developed using the commutative rotation transformations. Qubits rotated by secret rotation angles and exchanged over a quantum channel are appropriately measured to form a secret shared key. Additional 'slack' rotations are used to ensure that measurement of the commutative transformations always result in the same bit value, for legitimate party, in the absence of an eavesdropper. The performance of the quantum protocol is evaluated in terms of the number of exchanges needed for a given key size and the probability of detecting an eavesdropper. We also compare the proposed protocol with BB84.

Keywords: quantum Diffie-Hellman; key exchange algorithm; perfect secrecy; commutative rotation transformations; qubits; secret shared keys; eavesdroppers; quantum cryptography; network security.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSN.2016.079277

International Journal of Security and Networks, 2016 Vol.11 No.4, pp.213 - 223

Received: 24 Aug 2015
Accepted: 24 Aug 2015

Published online: 26 Sep 2016 *

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