Title: CO2 emissions, energy use and country governance

Authors: Valdir De Jesus Lameira; Walter Lee Ness Jr.; Jean E. Harris; Roberto Guimarães Pereira

Addresses: INESC Coimbra, Rua Antero de Quental, 199, 3000-033, Coimbra, Portugal ' Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil ' School of Business Administration, Capital College, The Pennsylvania State University, 777 West Harrisburg Pike, Middletown, Pennsylvania 17057, USA ' Federal Fluminense University, TEM/PGMEC/MSG, Rua Passo da Pátria 156, CEP 24210-240, Niterói – RJ, Brazil

Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate for selected countries, the possibility of relationships among CO2 emissions, the use of energy, and an aspect of the governance of countries. This investigation is based on a sample of data composed of variables from 54 countries, from 2000 to 2008, available at the World Bank website. The methods of analysis that were employed included linear regression with panel data and the method of structural equations for a robustness test. The results of the two models converged and showed the existence of statistically significant relationships: a) between CO2 emissions and that aspect of governance; b) between the use of energy and electricity and the same aspect of governance.

Keywords: country governance; CO2; carbon dioxide; carbon emissions; energy consumption; linear regression; structural equation modelling; SEM; electricity use.

DOI: 10.1504/IJISE.2016.078903

International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering, 2016 Vol.24 No.2, pp.241 - 256

Available online: 04 Aug 2016 *

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