Title: On striking the balance between the fairness of service and throughput in roadside units based vehicular ad hoc networks

Authors: G.G. Md. Nawaz Ali; Md. Abdus Salim Mollah; Syeda Khairunnesa Samantha; Peter Han Joo Chong; Yong Liang Guan

Addresses: School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Khulna University of Engineering & Technology, Khulna-9203, Bangladesh ' Department of Computer Science, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA ' Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand ' School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore

Abstract: Data dissemination using Road Side Units (RSUs) in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs) got considerable attention to assist the inter-vehicles communication to overcome the vehicle-to-vehicle frequent disconnection problem. An RSU invokes the underlying scheduler to choose a data item to broadcast in order to satisfy the pending requests of vehicles. Conventionally, a scheduler selects a data item based on different metrics, which are usually the deadline of a request, the size of an item and the popularity of an item. In the conventional scheduling manner, normally the popular data items are broadcast many times for maximising the broadcast channel bandwidth. As a consequence, non-popular data items are broadcast very few times, which creates unfairness to the pending requests for the non-popular data items. However, the non-popular data items may also be important for a vehicle. Hence, there is trade-off of achieving higher fairness and gaining higher system throughput. In this study, we investigate this trade-off in the context of RSU-based VANETs and propose a fairness-friendly approach with which the integration of a scheduling algorithm can balance the trade-off of the fairness of service and the system throughput. Simulation results support our proposed approach and offer the expected results.

Keywords: vehicular ad hoc networks; VANETs; RSU; roadside units; scheduling; service fairness; system throughput; vehicle communications; vehicle-to-vehicle; V2V disconnection; simulation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVAS.2016.078812

International Journal of Vehicle Autonomous Systems, 2016 Vol.13 No.2, pp.168 - 187

Received: 09 May 2015
Accepted: 12 May 2016

Published online: 02 Sep 2016 *

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