Authors: Jeevan Kumar; Sachin Tripathi; Rajesh Kumar Tiwari
Addresses: Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, RVS College of Engineering and Technology, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
Abstract: Efficient routing is an important issue for the design of wireless sensor network (WSN) protocols to meet the severe hardware and resource constraints. Swarm intelligence is a relatively novel field. It comes under intelligent routing protocols which contribute to the optimisation of wireless sensor networks. It addresses the study of the collective behaviours of systems made by many components that coordinate using decentralised controls and self-organisation. Many number of routing protocols for wireless sensor networks have been developed according to the principles of swarm intelligence. The routing protocols are categorised based on their computational complexity, network structure, energy efficiency, scalability, fault tolerance, path establishment, and many more. In this paper, we provide an extensive survey and study different swarm intelligence-based routing protocols for WSNs. We discuss the general principles of swarm intelligence and of its application to routing, design challenges for WSN routing protocols, routing factors, and taxonomy of routing protocols in WSNs.
Keywords: wireless sensor networks; WSNs; routing protocols; energy efficiency; swarm intelligence; ant colony optimisation; ACO; artificial bee colony; ABC; computational complexity; network structure; scalability; fault tolerance; path establishment; survey; particle swarm optimisation; PSO.
International Journal of Internet Technology and Secured Transactions, 2016 Vol.6 No.2, pp.79 - 102
Available online: 23 Aug 2016 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article