Title: The development of the vaccine industry, 1800-present: a historical-sociological field approach
Authors: Sander Quak; Johan Heilbron; Jessica Meijer
Addresses: Erasmus Center for Economic Sociology (ECES), Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Rotterdam, The Netherlands ' Centre Européen de Sociologie et de Science Politique de la Sorbonne (CESSP-CNRS-EHESS), Paris, France; Erasmus Center for Economic Sociology (ECES), Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Rotterdam, The Netherlands ' Janssen Prevention Center (JPC), Leiden, The Netherlands
Abstract: Since the 1990s the vaccine sector is experiencing a profound restructuring with the entrance of innovative biotech companies, developing country manufacturers, and wealthy private foundations. Since these developments and their consequences are rarely analysed in their interconnectedness, we argue, first, that a field approach focusing on the interrelations between the organisations in the vaccine sector is a fruitful way to unravel the complexities of the current changes. Second, a long-term historical-sociological analysis of this field is presented since the discovery of the smallpox vaccine around 1800. The current changes are interpreted as the third transformation of the field. After the shift from local to national vaccine fields, and then to an internationally coordinated field, the recent changes can be characterised as a shift to a more encompassing, diversified global field. These historical transformations can be explained by changing balances of power between the organisations with an interest in the field.
Keywords: vaccines; sociological field theory; theory of the firm; pharmaceutical industry; vaccine industry; history; balance of power.
International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 2016 Vol.17 No.2, pp.224 - 242
Received: 07 Jan 2015
Accepted: 28 Jul 2015
Published online: 02 Aug 2016 *