Title: Aerotropolis formation and evolution: insights from new economic geography

Authors: Danyang Shen; Yunchun Cao

Addresses: School of Economy and Management, Civil Aviation University of China, ul. No. 38 Mailbox, South Campus, 2898 Jinbei Road, Tianjin, 300300, China; School of Civil Aviation, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Jiangsu, Nanjing, 210016, China ' School of Economy and Management, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin, 300300, China

Abstract: In current academic and commercial literature, the concept of aerotropolis refers to the area surrounding an airport that has been promoted in an effort to revitalise the urban area. However, this development has not attracted enough interest from urban planners and developers. This paper identifies the formation law and evolution mode of aerotropolis by applying the 'footloose entrepreneur' (FE) model of new economic geography. The FE model can be applied to the following: space-convergence of the airport as the cornerstone of the aerotropolis, while the path-dependence of an airport is the foundation of the aerotropolis. In addition, a '3A' formation model of aerotropolis is examined: the self-organising evolutionary feature of the aerotropolis, the endogenous and exogenous variables of aerotropolis' evolution and the two types of dynamic mechanism for aerotropolis are all discussed. Conclusions are applied to the concept of aerotropolis development in an effort to strengthen its place in the urban environment.

Keywords: aerotropolis formation; aerotropolis evolution; economic geography; airport areas; airports; urban areas; regeneration; urban planning; urban development; footloose entrepreneur model.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSD.2016.078279

International Journal of Sustainable Development, 2016 Vol.19 No.3, pp.246 - 256

Received: 18 Oct 2014
Accepted: 27 Sep 2015

Published online: 26 Jul 2016 *

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