Title: Fault tolerant routing protocols in wireless sensor networks: a decision support tool

Authors: Noureddine Moussa; Abdelbaki Elbelrhiti Elalaoui

Addresses: Computer Networks and Systems Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, B.P. 11201, Zitoune, 50000 Meknes, Morocco ' Computer Networks and Systems Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, B.P. 11201, Zitoune, 50000 Meknes, Morocco

Abstract: Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) can be prone to many shortcomings owing to the energy limitation as well as the hostile environments where they could be deployed. Thus, it becomes of paramount importance to consider an adequate Fault Tolerant Routing Protocol (FTRP). Nevertheless, the multiplicity of the existing FTRPs makes the choice of a specific protocol, to tackle target application constraints, very expensive in terms of simulations conduction. In this paper, we propose a Decision Support Tool for WSN applications developers to enable them to make the choice of a protocol(s), before performing simulations, which satisfies the predefined conditions (in terms of time and energy costs of fault tolerance as well as its efficiency) of the application to be deployed. The studied protocols are also classified according to the target applications types. An example of this tool usage is provided in a case study of forest fire detection.

Keywords: wireless sensor networks; WSNs; routing protocols; fault tolerance; decision support; energy efficiency; energy costs; temporal cost; forest fire detection; local empty areas; extended empty areas; forest fires.

DOI: 10.1504/IJWMC.2016.078196

International Journal of Wireless and Mobile Computing, 2016 Vol.10 No.4, pp.361 - 370

Received: 15 Jul 2015
Accepted: 18 Feb 2016

Published online: 29 Jul 2016 *

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