Title: Investigating Taiwanese EFL digital natives' TPCK in teaching English to digital immigrants

Authors: Chin-Wen Chien

Addresses: Department of English Instruction, National Hsinchu University of Education, No. 521, Nanda Road, Hsinchu City 300, Taiwan

Abstract: This study investigates 23 Taiwanese EFL digital natives' technological paedagogical content knowledge (TPCK) in teaching English to 23 digital immigrants in a Multimedia in English Instruction class in a language teacher education program in a university in the northwest of Taiwan. The data analysis of interviews, final projects, and videos yielded the following major findings. First, the digital natives' TPCK was developed through collections of multimedia tools, teaching the digital immigrants, and activity designs. Second, these digital natives lacked competence in designing appropriate follow-up activities and tasks for the digital immigrants. Next, they also failed to provide step-by-step modelling and demonstration on using technology and multimedia tools. A framework on developing digital natives' TPCK includes introduction of multimedia tools, provision of step-by-step modelling, recognition of adult learners' needs, and designing interactive follow-up tasks.

Keywords: activity design; digital immigrants; digital natives; modelling; TPCK; technological paedagogical content knowledge; Taiwan; EFL; English as a foreign language; language learning; multimedia; adult learners; interactive follow-up; teaching English.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTEL.2016.078082

International Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning, 2016 Vol.8 No.2, pp.151 - 168

Received: 17 Nov 2015
Accepted: 11 Jan 2016

Published online: 01 Aug 2016 *

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