Authors: Adetokunbo Abayomi A. Adenowo; Basirat A. Adenowo
Addresses: Department of Electronic & Computer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Lagos State University, Epe Campus, Lagos, Nigeria ' Department of Computer Science, School of Science, Adeniran Ogunsanya College of Education, Oto-Ijanikin, Lagos, Nigeria
Abstract: Research effort geared towards the construction of useful intelligent tutoring systems (ITSs) is fast growing. Sound and well-designed authoring tools (or authoring systems) play (and will keep playing) significant roles in realising the dream of making available an inventory of useful and cost-effective ITSs. This paper thus identifies and discusses the characteristics that have been shaping the design of ITS authoring tools. Also, this paper considers emerging characteristics that currently constitute discussion themes in the ITS-related research community. However, current work is based on traditional literature review of documents from relevant/selected databases and books. The documents were extracted and analysed based on keywords related to the theme/subtheme of this paper. This review is therefore undertaken to highlight feasible design characteristics, examine the extent they have impacted on the design of ITS authoring tools, and result in useful ITSs. Thus, this paper helps keep abreast of some developments/advances in the ITS authoring research subfield. It aims to guide future research efforts through knowledge gained from successes and/or failures of previous designs.
Keywords: authoring systems; authoring tools; authoring-ware; design characteristic; intelligent tutoring systems; ITS framework; ITS shell.
International Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning, 2016 Vol.8 No.2, pp.114 - 128
Received: 30 May 2015
Accepted: 26 Dec 2015
Published online: 28 Jul 2016 *