Title: Exploring cognitive processing and behavioural patterns in a seamless online learning integrated discussion environment: a progressive sequential analysis

Authors: Sheng-Yi Wu; Huei-Tse Hou; Mei-Jen Audrey Shih

Addresses: Department of Information Communication, University of Kang Ning, No.188, Sec. 5, Anzhong Rd., Annan Dist., Tainan City 709, Taiwan ' Graduate Institute of Applied Science and Technology, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, No.43, Sec. 4, Keelung Rd., Da'an Dist., Taipei 106, Taiwan ' Graduate Institute of Network Learning Technology, National Central University, No. 300, Zhongda Rd., Zhongli District, Taoyuan City 32001, Taiwan

Abstract: The rapid development of social network services (SNSs) has created new challenges and opportunities for online discussion activities. Because synchronous and asynchronous discussions have pros and cons, the present research team developed seamless online learning integrated discussion (SOLID), which integrates synchronous and asynchronous discussions within the online discussion environment. In this environment, students' cognitive processing patterns and changes in patterns throughout the discussion contributed to our understanding of their strengths and limitations. Thus, we adopted project-based discussion activities as teaching activities, and we explored students' cognitive processing in an integrated discussion environment through lag and progressive sequential analysis. The results revealed that this environment elevated the diversity of student cognitive process throughout the online discussion. Moreover, the complete set of cognitive processing patterns could be divided into four periods, including the initial period, growth period, regulated period, and stable period. This study also discussed the features and limitations of cognitive processing in each period.

Keywords: social network services; SNSs; online discussion; project-based learning; PBL; progressive sequential analysis; cognitive processing; behavioural patterns; online learning; e-learning; electronic learning; higher education; Taiwan.

DOI: 10.1504/IJWBC.2016.077255

International Journal of Web Based Communities, 2016 Vol.12 No.2, pp.195 - 211

Received: 15 Sep 2015
Accepted: 30 Sep 2015

Published online: 25 Jun 2016 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article