Authors: Outi Toivonen
Addresses: University of Tampere, Kalevantie 4, FI-33014 University of Tampere, Finland
Abstract: Regulation in multimodal transport is based on international unimodal conventions, national laws and standard terms because an international convention has not yet been achieved. The carrier's liability varies according to the stage in which the damage takes place. This kind of network principle is not considered optimal, which is why different kinds of possibilities for a regional regime to regulate multimodal transport in the EU have been examined. This article considers whether a regional regime could work as a step towards international regulation and if so what would be the content of this kind of regime. A regional regime could increase predictability within the EU and function as a step towards an international regime. Nevertheless, a regional regime is opposed in the transportation industry and it is difficult to obtain an applicable solution regardless of the aims of the EU to regulate multimodal transport.
Keywords: transport law; multimodal transport; carrier liability; modified network liability; regional regime; applicable law; UNCTAD/ICC Rules; international conventions; regulation; network principle; European Union.
World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research, 2015 Vol.5 No.4, pp.387 - 401
Received: 08 Jun 2015
Accepted: 14 Dec 2015
Published online: 04 Jun 2016 *