Title: Re-inventing Europe: the case of the Camino de Santiago de Compostela as European heritage and the political and economic discourses of cultural unity
Authors: J.E. Chemin
Addresses: Fen ve Edebiyat Fakultesi, Çağ Universitesi, Turkey
Abstract: This paper argues that the enthusiasm for heritage tourism that has developed in Europe in the past three decades is inextricably tied to the political project of the European Union and its drive to create cultural coherence in a multinational, multicultural continent. I explore the ways in which the 'heritage-scape' of Europe, in particular its pilgrimage routes, are portrayed as emblems of European values and culture. I claim that these values are built on selective readings of history and a romantic re-imagining of the past that serve present political and economic ends. Through peripheral pilgrimage sites and routes, messages about cultural unity are disseminated, and the reproduction of an ideal of 'unity in diversity' is brought to centre stage in the politics of the Union. I exemplify this process with a description of the pan-European network of pilgrim routes that now forms the largely re-invented Camino de Santiago pilgrimage.
Keywords: politics; religion; pilgrimage routes; Camino de Santiago de Compostela; European heritage; economics; cultural unity; culture; Council of Europe; European Union; heritage tourism; cultural heritage; European values; European culture.
International Journal of Tourism Anthropology, 2016 Vol.5 No.1/2, pp.24 - 46
Received: 15 Apr 2015
Accepted: 07 Feb 2016
Published online: 31 May 2016 *