Title: Design of variable structure control for wind energy system-based permanent magnet synchronous generator and operating under different grid conditions
Authors: Youssef Errami; Mohammed Ouassaid; Mohamed Maaroufi
Addresses: Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Electronics, Instrumentation and Energy Laboratory, Exploitation and Processing of Renewable Energy Team University Chouaib Doukkali, Eljadida, Morocco ' Department of Electrical Engineering, Mohammadia School's of Engineers, University Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco ' Department of Electrical Engineering, Mohammadia School's of Engineers, University Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco
Abstract: This paper proposes a nonlinear control approach for an electrical network connected variable speed wind energy system (VS-WES) based on a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG). The proposed configuration consists of a wind turbine (WT), a direct driven PMSG, a rectifier and an inverter which is connected to the power grid through a filter. Under the variation of wind velocity, the generator side rectifier is used to control the speed of the PMSG with maximum power point tracking (MPPT). The grid-side converter is employed to inject the extracted power into the electrical network, to regulate dc-link voltage and to attain unity power factor (UPF). This work explores a variable structure sliding mode control (VSSMC) considering the variation of wind speed. Lyapunov stability theory is used to find the conditions for the existence of the sliding mode. So, the performance of the VS-WES has been demonstrated under varying wind conditions and under a grid fault. The simulation results through MATLAB/Simulink show the effectiveness of the proposed VSSMC approach.
Keywords: variable speed wind energy systems; VS-WES; permanent magnet synchronous generator; PMSG; maximum power point tracking; MPPT; sliding mode control; SMC; Lyapunov theory; grid faults; variable structure control; VSC; wind power; nonlinear control; electrical networks; wind turbines; rectifiers; inverters; filters; wind speed.
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications, 2016 Vol.7 No.2, pp.164 - 185
Received: 20 Mar 2015
Accepted: 07 Oct 2015
Published online: 29 May 2016 *