Title: Research on range-based localisation algorithm with virtual force and time synchronisation in wireless sensor and actor networks

Authors: Haoyun Wang; Ke Wang; Duo Li; Innocent Nyalala; Yingjun Xiong; Huanliang Xu

Addresses: Department of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, 210095, Nanjing, Weigang No. 1, Jiangsu, China; Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Meat Production and Processing, Quality and Safety Control 210095, Nanjing, Weigang No. 1, Jiangsu, China ' Department of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, 210095, Nanjing, Weigang No. 1, Jiangsu, China ' Department of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, 210095, Nanjing, Weigang No. 1, Jiangsu, China ' Department of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, 210095, Nanjing, Weigang No. 1, Jiangsu, China ' Department of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, 210095, Nanjing, Weigang No. 1, Jiangsu, China; Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Meat Production and Processing, Quality and Safety Control 210095, Nanjing, Weigang No. 1, Jiangsu, China ' Department of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, 210095, Nanjing, Weigang No. 1, Jiangsu, China; Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Meat Production and Processing, Quality and Safety Control 210095, Nanjing, Weigang No. 1, Jiangsu, China

Abstract: In order to solve the problem of sensor node localisation of wireless sensor and actor networks, a range-based time of arrival (TOA) localisation algorithm with virtual force and time synchronisation (TLAVFTS) in WSAN is proposed in this paper, which uses mobile actors instead of WSNs anchors, and combines TOA with virtual force on the premise of time synchronisation. When a sensor node requests for localisation, the algorithm first calculates the virtual force of actor nodes, and makes it move close to the requested sensor node, then synchronise time of entire network. Finally, three-bonier measurement method will be adopted to complete node localisation. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm can improve the success localisation rate by up to 40% and also is superior to traditional TOA on the average localisation time, error and overhead; it can apply to real-time filed with small number of actor nodes.

Keywords: wireless sensor and actor networks; WSANs; wireless sensor networks; WSNs; time synchronisation; virtual force; time of arrival; TOA localisation; virtual force; TLAVFTS; sensor node localisation; range-based localisation; simulation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCNDS.2016.076650

International Journal of Communication Networks and Distributed Systems, 2016 Vol.16 No.3, pp.215 - 239

Received: 04 May 2015
Accepted: 17 Oct 2015

Published online: 18 May 2016 *

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