Authors: Marek Jemala
Addresses: Institute of Industrial Engineering and Management, Slovak University of Technology, Paulínska 16, 917 24 Trnava, Slovakia
Abstract: Technological innovations in each country mean potential opportunities for better industrial development, higher employment, social standards of people, but also for more intensive protection of human health and the environment. The main purpose of this study is to analyse the technology patent intensity in the EU-28 countries and selected related indicators and circumstances (1980-2015) in order to emphasise the positive and risk factors in the technology fields. As the key indicators, we chose a number of granted technology patents with the comparison of complementary indicators such as a number of inhabitants, national GDP, VC investment, or patent publications by technology. This analysis follows our long-term systemic patent study on technological innovation in the EU countries. Therefore, we present also some findings/changes that have occurred over the recent years in technology patenting in the EU. As the result of this technology patents research, we can conclude that there are significant differences between developed and developing countries of the EU regarding the technology development and the technology 'gap' is widening. Nevertheless, there are also some positives and accelerated technological factors in some developing economies of the EU that can be regarded as the certain synergetic effects of the European community.
Keywords: technology R&D; research and development; technological innovation; technology patents; technology policy; patent intensity; European Union; EU countries; risk factors; technology patenting; EU synergy; technology development; technology gap.
International Journal of Agile Systems and Management, 2016 Vol.9 No.1, pp.21 - 47
Accepted: 21 Oct 2015
Published online: 14 May 2016 *