Title: The dynamics of the reduction of educational inequalities in Africa: an approach by the Kuznets curve - a comparative analysis of the trajectories of anglophone, francophone and Arabic countries
Authors: Aomar Ibourk; Jabrane Amaghouss
Addresses: Faculty of Law, Economics and Social Sciences, Cadi Ayyad University, BP: 2380, Daoudiate, Marrakesh, Morocco ' Faculty of Law, Economics and Social Sciences, Cadi Ayyad University, BP: 2380, Daoudiate, Marrakesh, Morocco
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to explore the unequal dimension of education weakly discussed in a comparative perspective. Since African countries are not a homogenous group, and in order to study the different development paths, we divided our sample into three groups: the group of English, French and Arabic speaking countries. We first start by building our own indicators to measure inequalities in education. To account for the durability of the reduction of inequalities, we transpose the Kuznets curve in the field of education and verify its validity. Data on inequalities in education are calculated by us based on data from Barro and Lee (2014) which provides schooling data by country. The main conclusion to be made is to emphasise this dimension of education in the development of educational policies.
Keywords: education; Africa; Kuznets curve; educational inequality; anglophone countries; francophone countries; Arab countries; educational policies.
African Journal of Economic and Sustainable Development, 2016 Vol.5 No.2, pp.119 - 136
Received: 13 Jun 2015
Accepted: 15 Jun 2015
Published online: 23 Apr 2016 *