Title: Exporting embedded in culture and transnational networks around entrepreneurs: a global study

Authors: Shayegheh Ashourizadeh; Thomas Schøtt

Addresses: Department of Entrepreneurship and Relationship Management, University of Southern Denmark, 6000 Kolding, Denmark ' Department of Entrepreneurship and Relationship Management, University of Southern Denmark, 6000 Kolding, Denmark

Abstract: Exporting is embedded in transnational networks and other networks around entrepreneurs. We hypothesise that exporting is constrained by networking in the private sphere, but promoted by networking in the public sphere, and benefitting especially from networking in the transnational environment. This dynamic unfolds in the context of culture, which expectedly moderates benefit of networks for exporting. Networking for advice was surveyed in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor in 61 societies with 52,968 entrepreneurs. Exporting greatly benefits from transnational networks around entrepreneurs and also from networking in the market, professions and work-place, but is impeded by networking for advice in the private sphere. Exporting is embedded in culture in the way that benefits of transnational networking for exporting are higher in secular-rational culture than in traditional culture. This study generalises to the entrepreneurs in the world, and is a first to account for embedding of exporting in transnational advisory networks in combination with culture.

Keywords: entrepreneurs; networking; exports; secular-rational culture; traditional culture; exporting; transnational networks; entrepreneurship.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBG.2016.075733

International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 2016 Vol.16 No.3, pp.314 - 334

Received: 21 Apr 2015
Accepted: 27 Jun 2015

Published online: 01 Apr 2016 *

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