Title: The relationship between organisational culture and firm performance: an empirical study on Indonesian manufacturing firms

Authors: Didik Wahjudi; Moses L. Singgih; Patdono Suwignjo; Imam Baihaqi

Addresses: Industrial Engineering Department, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya, Indonesia; Mechanical Engineering Department, Petra Christian University, Surabaya, Indonesia ' Industrial Engineering Department, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya, Indonesia ' Industrial Engineering Department, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya, Indonesia ' Industrial Engineering Department, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology, Surabaya, Indonesia

Abstract: The impact of organisational culture on firm performance has been well documented. Previous studies on the impact of organisational culture derived from its national culture have been conducted in homogenous cultures. Little attention has been given to the impact of organisational culture derived from Indonesian culture on firm performance. Indonesia's subcultures may not be represented in the national culture. This study examines the impact of organisational culture on firm performance among Indonesia manufacturing firms. Results from 152 organisations confirm that organisational culture has significant effect on firm performance. Only individualism and uncertainty avoidance significantly impact firm performance. The implication is that, even in a country with many subcultures, firms' top management still need to pay attention to the impact of national culture at organisational level. Furthermore, since Indonesia has a very low score on individualism, managers need to create a conducive and rewarding environment for individuals to contribute.

Keywords: national culture; firm performance; structural equation modelling; SEM; organisational culture; Indonesia; empirical study; manufacturing industry; individualism; uncertainty avoidance; subcultures.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPQM.2016.075702

International Journal of Productivity and Quality Management, 2016 Vol.18 No.1, pp.1 - 18

Received: 28 Jul 2014
Accepted: 01 Oct 2014

Published online: 01 Apr 2016 *

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