Authors: Emilie Jérôme; Franck Hervy; Séverine Maguis
Addresses: DGA Aero-engine Testing, 10 rue Jean Rostand, 91895 ORSAY Cedex, France ' DGA Aero-engine Testing, 10 rue Jean Rostand, 91895 ORSAY Cedex, France ' DGA Aero-engine Testing, 10 rue Jean Rostand, 91895 ORSAY Cedex, France
Abstract: Since the 1960s, DGA Aero-engine Testing has built facilities to test and certify parts and equipment of aircraft and rotorcraft in icing conditions. For aerofoil or blade testing, a 2D test set-up has been developed. For engine tests, a free jet configuration is used. Until recently, the standard conditions for icing were associated with the presence of clouds composed of supercooled small droplets. Nevertheless, recent accidents and incidents have highlighted the danger of other icing conditions such as supercooled large drops (SLD), ice crystals and mixed phase which is composed of ice crystals and small droplets. So, current and future challenges include the ability to simulate these conditions. To generate droplets larger than 100 micrometres, a new atomiser has been developed and calibration methods have been modified in consequence. The next planned step is the generation of ice crystals and mixed phase.
Keywords: DGA Aero-engine Testing; icing tests; flight simulation; altitude test facility; ATF; supercooled large droplets; SLD; calibration; aerofoil testing; blade testing; engine tests; air intake; computational fluid dynamics; CFD; Fluent; aerodynamics; aircraft icing; rotorcraft icing; ice crystals; mixed phase; atomisers.
International Journal of Engineering Systems Modelling and Simulation, 2016 Vol.8 No.2, pp.77 - 85
Received: 03 Jul 2014
Accepted: 10 Jul 2015
Published online: 30 Dec 2015 *