Title: German participatory settings and their common regulatory design principles

Authors: Julian Staben; Lennart Ziebarth

Addresses: Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society (HIIG), Oberwallstraße 9, 10117 Berlin, Germany ' Hans-Bredow-Institut, Rothenbaumchaussee 36, 20148 Hamburg, Germany

Abstract: Participation today is perceived as a key component of democracy. A democratic political system must offer its citizens opportunities to take part in the law-making process and governance. Consequently, in a society that is governed by the rule of law, examples of participation can be found in the fields of constitutional and public law. But company law also offers fairly comparable participatory opportunities when it comes to the representation of shareholder interests towards a company's management, here as the expression of ownership. This paper conducts a structural examination of two mass-participatory settings with limited time frames governed by German law: federal elections and stockholders meetings. It thereby gives the notion of participation rooted in the political and social sciences a legal turn. By comparing how the law not only enables but guides participation, common regulatory design principles are developed. It proves the assumption that - despite their different logics and constraints - mass-participatory settings governed by German law inherently follow similar regulatory structures and ideas. We hope not only to trigger further comparisons but also to contribute to the practical regulatory design of future participatory settings in the private as well as the public sector.

Keywords: mass participation; regulation; German law; federal elections; stockholder meetings; democracy; Germany; regulatory design principles; law making; shareholder interests; company law; constitutional law; public law; public sector; private sector.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPLAP.2015.075050

International Journal of Public Law and Policy, 2015 Vol.5 No.3, pp.270 - 289

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 01 Mar 2016 *

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