Title: Management of the productive fishing conglomerate in the Amazonas State: the challenge through the sustainability viewpoint
Authors: Simone Cristina Silva Moraes; Pedro Luiz De Oliveira Costa Neto; Irenilza De Alencar Nääs; Luis Mauricio Resende
Addresses: Technological Education Federal Institute, Amazonas, Av. Danilo Areosa, 1672, Distrito Industrial, 69075-351, Manaus, AM, Brazil ' Production Engineering Graduate Program, Paulista University, Rua Alves Guimarães, 408/104, 05410-000, São Paulo, SP, Brazil ' Graduate Program in Production Engineering, Paulista University, Dr. Bacelar 1212, 04026-002, São Paulo, SP, Brazil ' Industrial Engineering Department Federal University of Technology – Paraná, Av Monteiro Lobato lm 04, 84016-210, Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil
Abstract: Fish is the primary source of food in the Amazonas State, Brazil. This reality is also valid in Manaus, the main housing and enterprises pole in the North of Brazil. However, for several reasons investigated in the present work, the fishing activity in Amazonas State is not able to supply the needs of the region. Therefore, the research was carried out aiming to understand better these difficulties. The methodology used a series of interviews, questionnaires, and a documental analysis was applied to four study groups: 1) family and business producers; 2) research and education institutions; 3) public organisms; 4) final customers. The results indicate that the segment needs structural actions and improvement in the fields of cooperation, land and environmental issues, technology, infrastructure, specialised qualifications and quality of the product. A local governance with a coordinator agent is suggested, as well as the establishment of sustainable modules, and the implementation of a particular training centre. The centre should have the objective of helping the fish producers in the matters of land, environmental, credit and processing issues. The results pointed out that the local productive fishing cluster needs technical support for improving the activities.
Keywords: aquaculture; entrepreneurship; family producers; local governance; fisheries management; fishing conglomerates; sustainable development; sustainable fishing; Brazil; sustainability; fishing clusters; cooperation; technology; infrastructure; qualifications; product quality; training centres; fish producers; land issues; environmental impact; credit; fish processing.
World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 2016 Vol.12 No.2/3, pp.363 - 376
Received: 30 Jan 2015
Accepted: 17 Aug 2015
Published online: 26 Feb 2016 *