Authors: Tommaso Pucci
Addresses: Department of Business and Law, University of Siena, Piazza S. Francesco, 8-53100 Siena, Italy
Abstract: This study aims to explore the determinants and strength of entrepreneurial orientation in academia, focusing in particular on the relationship between scientific productivity and engagement with industry. The paper makes reference to career-related data, scientific productivity variables, patents and consultancy activities regarding the entire life sciences teaching staff at the University of Siena from 1991 to 2010. The results show a trade-off between scientific reputation and university-industry relationships. The achievement of a certain level of scientific quality initially favours the performance of commercial activities (consulting, patenting and spin-off creation), but beyond a certain threshold scientists begin to focus primarily on research and their engagement with industry decreases.
Keywords: spin-offs; academic entrepreneurship; entrepreneurial orientation; university-industry relationships; engagement; patenting; consultancy; technology transfer; scientific productivity; life sciences; patents; Italy; scientific reputation; academic research; commercial activities; commercialisation.
World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 2016 Vol.12 No.2/3, pp.193 - 217
Received: 07 Apr 2015
Accepted: 08 Apr 2015
Published online: 26 Feb 2016 *