Title: Contradiction of clustering: cluster as a necessary condition and a threat to economic security
Authors: Oleg A. Zorin; Elena V. Grinavtseva; Elena V. Bogomolova; Larisa Moskovtseva; Elena G. Popkova; Irina Morozova; Tatiana N. Litvinova
Addresses: Perm Institute of Economics and Finance, 98A Kuybysheva St., Perm, Russia ' Lipetsk State Technical University, 30 Moskovskaya St., Lipetsk, Russia ' Lipetsk State Technical University, 30 Moskovskaya St., Lipetsk, Russia ' Lipetsk State Technical University, 30 Moskovskaya St., Lipetsk, Russia ' Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, 400005, 28 Lenin Av., Russia ' Volgograd State Technical University, Volgograd, 400005, 28 Lenin Av., Russia ' Volgograd State Agrarian University, 26 Universitetskiy Av., Volgograd, Russia
Abstract: Clustering creates a powerful potential of innovational development, providing more successful cooperation between cluster enterprises, increase of competitiveness etc. Consequently, clusters are a necessary condition for provision of economic security of modern economic system, as they stipulate the growth of GDP and development of innovational technologies, thus increasing competitiveness of the country in the global economy. However, clustering can lead to splitting of the countries as to the level of well-being. In other words, the mechanism of sucking into 'underdevelopment whirlpool' of even those economies which rates of 'overtaking development' are considered to be high is at work. Thus, there is a contradiction of clustering, consisting in the fact that cluster is a necessary condition and, at the same time, a threat to economic security of modern economic systems.
Keywords: clustering; economic security; economic systems; developed countries; developing countries; industrial clusters; business clusters; necessary conditions; threats; innovation; entrepreneurship.
International Journal of Economic Policy in Emerging Economies, 2016 Vol.9 No.1, pp.89 - 99
Received: 13 Jul 2015
Accepted: 23 Oct 2015
Published online: 25 Feb 2016 *