Title: Creating a valid and reliable perception of airport sustainability scale

Authors: Ismael Cremer; Stephen Rice; Alexander Michaels; Korhan Oyman

Addresses: College of Aeronautics, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne FL 32901, USA ' College of Aeronautics, Florida Institute of Technology, 150 W. University Blvd., Melbourne, FL, 32901, USA ' College of Aeronautics, Florida Institute of Technology, 150 W. University Blvd., Melbourne, FL, 32901, USA ' College of Aeronautics, Florida Institute of Technology, 150 W. University Blvd., Melbourne, FL, 32901, USA

Abstract: A perception of airport sustainability scale (PASS) was created for the purpose of measuring consumer perceptions about the sustainability aspects of an airport. A total of 617 participants were solicited to help generate items for the scale, narrow down the list of items to the most relevant items related to airport sustainability, and test the final scale for validity and reliability. A factor analysis using the principal components and varimax rotation loaded strongly on one factor, providing evidence for validity. Reliability was tested via Cronbach's alpha and Guttmann's split-half tests, indicating high consistency and reliability. The scale was then tested to examine the correlation between the airport's PASS score given by the passengers with respect to their willingness to fiscally support the airport in sustainable practices through passenger fees.

Keywords: airport transport; green airports; scale; validity; reliability; sustainable aviation; willingness to pay; airport sustainability; consumer perceptions; passenger fees.

DOI: 10.1504/IJSA.2015.074742

International Journal of Sustainable Aviation, 2015 Vol.1 No.4, pp.333 - 347

Received: 10 Jun 2015
Accepted: 24 Sep 2015

Published online: 16 Feb 2016 *

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